Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease the result of a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) due to the loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Annually 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, and also over a million people die, most of them small children.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease can be found depends mainly on climatic factors including temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The primary places that malaria disease is located are; Africa, Madagascar, India and South America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, in which the host mosquito, in the genus Anopheles, will be able to survive and multiply. There are approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 in which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in places that the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle in the mosquitoes can humans be infected. There are four types of malaria parasite that can infect humans they may be; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Time necessary for development of the parasite within the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to combat malaria – Scientists through the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough which could end the international combat against malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that will kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter in to contact with insect blood, in a scientific step that could fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists feel that using the same technology 1 day can fight many other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.
By making use of fungus along with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they can prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. Exactly the same technology may be used once to battle other mosquito-borne diseases, like zika and dengue fever.